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CHOC solutions your questions on donating blood – CHOC

June 14 is World Blood Donor Day.

To have fun, CHOC specialists reply regularly requested questions on blood donations, and the way mother and father and teenagers can get entangled.

Why ought to I donate blood?

Each time a volunteer donates, they will depart figuring out they’re having a direct influence on the restoration of a kid. With 1000’s of children and adults needing life-saving blood transfusions annually, many healthcare techniques — like CHOC — depend on volunteer blood donors to fulfill the wants of their sufferers.

At CHOC’s Blood Financial institution, each blood donation provides kids a greater likelihood at a wholesome life.

Who is ready to donate blood?

CHOC wants all blood sorts and welcomes any donors that meet sure necessities. Blood donors should:

  • Be in good well being.
  • Be at the least 17 years previous.
  • Weigh at the least 110 kilos.
  • Don’t have any historical past of hepatitis or AIDS.
  • Don’t have any historical past of chest ache or cardiac surgical procedure.

Are there any dangers to donating blood?

The Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates blood banks in the USA. They ensure that all needles and different tools used for donating blood are sterile and used just for one individual, then thrown away. This ensures that no one will get an an infection or illness from giving blood. Blood facilities should additionally move common inspections by the FDA to remain open.

What are the several types of blood donations?

There are three varieties of blood donations — complete blood, platelets and plasma — that you would be able to make at CHOC’s blood financial institution.

Entire blood

Entire blood is made up of crimson blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Pink blood cells carry oxygen to the physique’s tissues and take away carbon dioxide. White blood cells assist the physique combat an infection by making antibodies, or proteins, that assist destroy germs within the physique. Platelets, the smallest blood cells, assist blood clot and management bleeding.

Entire blood donations are essentially the most versatile kind of donation, and the crimson blood cells, white blood cells or platelets could be separated and donated to youngsters who want them. Pink blood cells are mostly transfused and are usually given to youngsters with sickle cell anemia or important blood loss as a consequence of trauma or surgical procedure. Donating complete blood takes lower than an hour.

You’ll be able to donate complete blood each 56 days.


Platelets are the smallest blood cells, which assist blood clot and management bleeding. They’re used to deal with leukemia and different types of most cancers. Platelet donations are executed utilizing a machine that separates the platelets from the blood and returns the blood to your physique. Platelet donations take from one to 2 hours, permitting the donor to loosen up, watch a film or learn a e-book.

Platelets could be donated each 14 days.  

Meet Ron, CHOC’s longest-running platelet donator.


Plasma, the pale yellow liquid a part of complete blood, is a combination of water, proteins, electrolytes, carbohydrates, ldl cholesterol, hormones and nutritional vitamins. Plasma is required to hold the various elements of the blood by means of the bloodstream.

Plasma serves many capabilities and is usually transfused to interchange blood-clotting proteins. Throughout a plasma donation, an automatic gadget is used to separate out the plasma and return the crimson cells to the donor. Donating plasma usually takes round 45 to 50 minutes.

Plasma donations are particularly useful from donors who’ve recovered from COVID-19. Whereas researchers are nonetheless studying in regards to the illness, it’s potential that those that have recovered from COVID-19 have produced antibodies to guard them from the an infection. In that case, plasma with COVID-19 antibodies could also be useful within the remedy of COVID-19 in CHOC sufferers.

Plasma could be donated each 28 days.

Be taught extra about donating plasma should you’ve recovered from COVID-19 just lately.

How ought to I put together for my blood donation?

On the day of your donation, ensure that to:

  • Convey a photograph ID to the donor heart.
  • Put on a shirt with sleeves that you would be able to roll up above your elbows.
  • Drink an additional 16 ounces of water or different nonalcoholic beverage earlier than your appointment.
  • Be freed from chilly and flu signs.
  • Eat , wholesome meal inside three hours of donating.
  • Have drugs and medical situations reviewed by the donor heart workers.
  • Not have taken any aspirin, aspirin merchandise or ibuprofen inside 48 hours of donating platelets.

What does the blood donation course of appear like?

Once you donate at CHOC’s blood financial institution, you can be walked by means of the whole donation course of. Extremely skilled medical workers and nurses will:  

  • Ask you questions on your medical historical past.
  • Test your temperature, pulse, blood stress and blood rely for anemia.
  • Accumulate the blood product out of your arm when you watch tv, see a video, learn a e-book or simply loosen up.
  • Offer you post-donation directions and refreshments earlier than you allow.

How will I really feel after I donate blood?

After you donate, it’s possible you’ll really feel a bit of lightheaded or dizzy. These unwanted effects often go away after a couple of minutes. Make sure to drink further fluids throughout the 24 hours after you donate. If you happen to nonetheless really feel unwell after that, name your physician or have another person take you to the closest emergency room.

Most adults have about 10 pints of blood (virtually 5 liters) of their our bodies. Your physique will substitute the liquid plasma and platelets inside two days and the crimson blood cells inside 56 days.

All donated blood is checked for viruses — equivalent to HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C, syphilis, and West Nile virus — and micro organism. Any blood with viruses or micro organism is destroyed. In case your donated blood has any of those germs, the blood financial institution will notify you.

Meet Steve, who says that donating plasma gave that means to his battle with COVID-19.

How can I donate blood to CHOC?

Donor recruitment is at all times difficult, and CHOC needs to maintain its blood and platelet stock sturdy. Please name the CHOC Blood Financial institution at 714-509-8339 or electronic mail to make an appointment. Stroll-ins are at all times welcome.

Not native to Orange County? Go to the Pink Cross or different native drives to donate blood.

To schedule an appointment or study extra, name the CHOC Blood Financial institution at 714-509-8339


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