Botanical Title: Anthurium andraeanum
Anthurium plant is among the many best-known tropical flowers. Common in tropical flower preparations, Anthurium bouquets are sometimes utilized in weddings on Hawaii and different Pacific islands.
Give any brightly lit room a perennial vacay vibe with this spectacular houseplant. Uncover please this unique blooming plant indoors and you will take pleasure in it for years.
Get to Know Anthurium Plant
Anthurium andreanum, also referred to as tail flower, is very colourful from spring by fall. Anthurium flowers are long-lasting, and newer cultivars will bloom nearly year-round.
The shiny purple, heart-shaped flowers are literally spathes that final for a number of weeks, every with a white or yellow spadix coated densely with its tiny, true flowers. Some varieties have spathe colours which might be pink, orange-red or white.
Lengthy, dark-green leathery leaves develop as much as 8-in (20 cm) lengthy, held on upright stems. Anthurium leaves are toxic. They include calcium oxalate crystals that trigger extreme burning within the mouth. Maintain the plant away from pets who might play with or chew on its foliage. It is also a good suggestion to put on gloves when dealing with this plant to keep away from pores and skin irritation.
A. Andreanum Varieties
Thrilling new cultivars are launched on a regular basis, every extra charming than the final.
- Anthurium andreanum ‘Album’ is a cultivar sporting white spathes
- A.a. ‘Pink Champion’ options pink spathes
- A.a. ‘Giganteum’ has salmon-red spathes which might be bigger than the species
Anthurium Andreanum is a Keeper
Anthurium andreanum is a perennial that may dwell for a number of years with excellent care. What’s extra, you may divide older vegetation for an ongoing assortment (see “Propagation” beneath).
Caring for Anthurium Crops as Houseplants
Increase the humidity. Due to the necessity for humidity, Anthurium rising might be difficult within the residence. Nonetheless, newer cultivars are much less fussy than the species. If the relative humidity drops beneath 50%, use a humidity tray or room humidifier to extend the moisture within the air. Grouping vegetation additionally helps to take care of the humidity round them. Brown leaf ideas could also be an indication of dry air.
To repot…or not. One of the best time to repot your Anthurium plant is when new progress begins in spring. Transfer right into a pot that is solely 1-2 inches (2.5-5 cm) greater — and solely when obligatory. Set the plant excessive in order that the crown sits above the soil line. If roots present up on the floor between repottings, cowl them with potting combine. Use a pot with drainage holes to stop soggy soil; good drainage is important.
Maintain it clear. Anthurium leaves are naturally shiny. Wipe them gently with a moist material to maintain them dust-free. Keep away from dripping water on the leaves as a result of it might trigger brown spots, a fungus that must be handled with a fungicide.
Yellow leaves are usually a symptom over-watering, however could also be brought on by chilly drafts. This South American native desires heat, year-round.
One thing bugging your plant? Spider mites might invade Anthurium within the winter, if the air is dry. Look ahead to webbing between the leaves and stems, often the primary tell-tale signal of an invasion. Deal with any infestation instantly. Fungus gnats are interested in moist, peaty potting mixes; they’re simpler to do away with.
Anthurium Plant Care Ideas
Top: As much as 18 in (45 cm); compact cultivars attain solely 12 in (30 cm). Tall flower stems may have staking.
Gentle: Vibrant mild will make these beauties bloom. Give your plant as a lot solarmild as you may year-round (no less than 4 hours of vibrant oblique mild every day). Maintain Anthurium out of direct solar, which can trigger dry, brown patches on its leaves. A curtain-filtered sunny window is right.
Water: Maintain soil evenly moist spring by fall, barely drier in winter. Yellow leaves are sometimes brought on by over-watering. Use a pot with drainage holes, water completely, then empty drainage tray. Do not permit soil to get soggy, which may kill this plant.
Humidity: This South American rain forest native craves excessive humidity year-round. Attempt to preserve 50% relative humidity or larger. Do not use a plant mister as a result of drops of water might trigger leaf blight that seem like brown spots. One of the best ways to improve humidity on your tropical houseplants is with a cool-mist room humidifier.
Temperature: (65-80°F/18-27°C) Anthurium plant prefers regular heat temps, identical to we do. Defend it from chilly blasts from doorways, home windows and A/C vents.
Soil: Peat moss based mostly potting combine with added perlite for good drainage; African violet potting combine is right.
Fertilizer: Feed each 2 weeks in spring and summer season with a high-phosphorus water-soluble fertilizer.
Propagation: Divide crowded clumps when repotting. When a plant grows a brand new crown close to the primary plant, gently pull it away and plant it individually in a small container, holding the crown of the plant above the soil line. New vegetation ought to bloom in a couple of 12 months.